Europe greenlights US audit inspections

US audit regulators will be able to inspect European firms after the European
Commission cleared the way for access to confidential papers, in a move which
could allow Lehman Brothers investigators to follow up leads in London.

The European Commission said it will now share internal working documents
with audit watchdogs in the US and Australia. The move breaks an impasse which
had emerged between US and EU authorities over the sharing of confidential
internal audit inspection papers, retained by regulators when they inspect audit

In the past, the European Commission barred access to US inspectors because
it felt the US was blocking access to its internal inspection documents.

The passage of the US financial reform bill through the senate freed access
to the inspection documents, which in turn led European authorities to green
light US inspections of European based audit firms.

In a statement, the European Commission said auditing has moved beyond
national borders and international co-operation was “necessary to ensure that
high quality audits are carried out worldwide”.

Michel Barnier, EC internal market and services commissioner, said the
decision will allow co-operation of European auditor oversight bodies and their
US and Australian counterparts.

“The exchange of audit working papers is an important step in moving towards
our ultimate objective of equivalent rules and mutual reliance on each other’s
audit oversight systems,” he said.

The US audit regulator, the Public Companies Accounting Oversight Board
(PCAOB), will now be able to inspect the audits of US registrants including
Vodafone, BHP Billiton, HSBC, Barclays and BT.

The move will also free up the investigators examining the audit of collapsed
Bank Lehman Brothers, to inspect the UK component of the bank’s audit.

Controversy surrounding the Lehman audit centres on use of repurchase
transactions, known within the bank by the slang “Repo 105s”, which attracted
criticism in March when a report claimed they were used to distorted the bank’s
reported financial position.

Repo 105s were channeled through Lehman’s UK arm, Lehman Brothers
International Europe (LBIE), and were likely audited, in part, by the Ernst
& Young’s UK arm.

E&Y has defended its audit throughout and said it stands by the work it
did for the bank, and would co-operate with any investigation.

The US audit regulator, the PCAOB, has neither confirmed nor denied whether
it is investigating Ernst & Young’s audit of Lehmans in line with their
policy not to comment on investigations.

Further reading:

investigation blocked by US-EU regulator stand-off

audit row between regulators rages

we’re not blocking US watchdog

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