A shift in HMRC’s strategy has seen taxpayers make 82% more claims to cover
the cost of focused probes into their financial affairs, according to insurance
Experts believe that the increase in “aspect inquiries” in July 2010,
July 2009, is clear evidence of HM Revenue & Customs investigating wealthy
individuals using a more targeted approach.
But as the aspect inquiries increase, it also put accountants in a stronger
position to discourage clients from taking the risk of understating tax
These inquiries mainly focus on entrepreneurs’ relief, capital gains tax,
investment income and general tax planning, compared to full inquiries that
cover an individual’s entire return.
Aspect inquiries are less costly for the taxman to undertake, which means
more can be carried out. By definition an aspect inquiry creates a focus on a
particular area of a tax return. This yields similar returns to HMRC undertaking
fewer, wider investigations after costs are factored in.
“If a client has been a bit ‘slapdash’ in estimating figures, then obviously
the figures being put in are much more open to scrutiny in these targeted
investigations,” said Paul Mason, senior manager at Abbey Tax Protection, which
deals with thousands of claims a year.
“It will give accountants a bit more strength to their argument for making
sure clients keep more accurate records.”
The onus is already on the accountants to make sure clients adhere to the
rules, as they are the ones who have to arrange and purchase the cover on behalf
Abbey Tax Protection grants policies on the basis of how many clients the
firm retains, the firm’s investigation history and its charge-out rates.
Full inquiries can drag on for 18 months in some cases and are expensive for
the client and the taxman, which is currently facing spending cuts and
reductions in staff numbers.
July 2010 also saw a 22% increase in the total number of claims notified to
Tax compared to July 2009, which confirms that HMRC is increasing its overall
Almost a third of more than 500 claims received by Abbey Tax in July 2010
were related to aspect inquiries.
The swing towards aspect inquiries is important because it is also a key sign
of HMRC trying to lower costs while maintaining the tax take.
“It’s much better than going in with a blunderbuss,” Mason said. There is
unlikely to be an increase in the cost of policies, because the balance is only
shifting from the full-blown probes of an individuals’ tax return to the aspect
inquiries, Mason added.
Accountants are also helped by the fact they are not officially liable for
the professional fees incurred but, by having the insurance in place, the
accountant does not have to discount or waive fees.
However, the insurance does not cover any additional duty, interest or
penalties charged by HMRC.
Dave Hartnett, HMRC’s permanent secretary, has confirmed that policy has
shifted in order to take a more “strategic” approach.
“We’ve begun to think much more carefully about whether we need to hold
full-blown tax inquiries as much as we have in the past.
“We’ve decided what are called aspect inquiries are probably more appropriate
in more situations than we’d thought before. So yes, it’s a strategic choice for
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