A progress report on international accounting convergence caused rumblings in the accounting world last week, with fears the world’s two chief standard setters were being overambitious in their quest to unite their two accounting codes by June next year.
Some even suggested the quality of international accounting rules may suffer as the international and US standard setters move towards a June 2011 deadline.
Jeremy Newman, chief executive officer of BDO International, was worried that too much was being compromised by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), headed by Sir David Tweedie, as it attempts to converge its standards with US rules. He fears a rush job may hurt the standards though a lack of thoroughness. “My fear at the moment is that in order for the IASB to say ‘we got there’ it will drop so much stuff that getting there just doesn’t mean a whole lot,” he said.
In a joint statement the IASB and its US counterpart the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) said last week that while they were making good progress on the vast majority of accounting rules, there was “no guarantee” they would resolve “all, or any, of our differences” on its financial instruments project.
The two boards have been working towards a June 2011 deadline, imposed by G20 leaders last year, to converge US and international accounting rules. However fundamental differences remain on their approach to the measurement of financial instruments.
Nigel Sleigh-Johnson, head of the financial reporting faculty at the ICAEW, said he is worried the quality of international standards may suffer as respondents struggle to keep up with the number of proposals being released this year. “The concern is not that we have to work harder, it is that the risk of damaging the quality of the standards is magnified by having to address so many topics at one time,” he said.
FASB will next month release its full fair value proposal, which would result in all company assets valued at their market price. The IASB released its model in November 2008 incorporating a mixed-measurement approach which allows some bank loan books to be valued at amortized cost.
The US standard setter’s timing has raised questions about its “sense of urgency” to convergence. On key projects such as on financial instruments some suggest progress is needed soon to prevent rushing the standards at the deadline. They say the boards need to work together according to the same timetable, allowing constituents the best chance to understand then comment on them.
Newman said that FASB was travelling at a “slightly different pace” than the IASB. “However, those of us who would like to see adoption of a single set of high quality accounting standards will always say progress is going too slow.”
The IASB and FASB will issue a raft of joint reports on proposed converged standards in coming months. The IASB plans to release 11 exposure drafts for comment by June. Differences with FASB remain on their divergent treatment of financial instruments and insurance contracts, which, the boards warn, could alter their timetable.
Comment: In our view
Time is running out for the IASB and the issues being debated are matters of principle which cut to the heart of convergence. The US has a fundamental different point of view on some key headline standards. If these differences can’t be resolved, the question remains will the world accept almost-converged accounting rules. Is close enough, enough?
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