The pension deficit woes facing UK plc have started to spread beyond the
public realm, with private equity investors also beginning to shy away from
acquisition targets with hefty pension liabilities.
A survey by mid-tier accounting firm Grant Thornton found that over the last
year only 37% of the private equity groups questioned had completed deals
involving companies with defined benefit deficits.
This marked a substantial drop on the previous year when every private equity
group polled had completed at least one deal with a company carrying pension
The growing wariness of private equity towards companies with defined benefit
deficits has been put down to the fact that buy-out firms typically take a
short-term view on businesses, and do not see a three to five year time frame as
long enough to deal with a large pension liability.
Mat Bhagrath, a corporate finance partner at Grant Thornton, said the
introduction of the risk based levy for the pension protection fund was another
factor scaring off private equity and venture capital groups.
‘It appears that VCs are increasingly looking for acquisition targets without
the hassle of pension shortfalls, or looking to divest, where possible, of those
companies in their portfolio with a pension liability,’ Bhagrath said
Grant Thornton found that most of the private equity groups (60%) that
already had companies with pension shortfalls in their port-folio would alter
the benefit or contribution structure of troublesome schemes.
Almost a fifth of the groups (17%) claimed that they would make a one-off
financial contribution. Other respondents said that they would seek insurance,
or sell off the company with the deficit.
The concerns around pension deficits by private equity follow wider anxiety
around the impact the pensions regulator is having on the mergers and
The PPF levy, which the regulator introduced, is payable for the year
commencing 6 April 2006 and places a strain on company cash flows and resources.
This, however, is just one of the effects pension issues are having on deals.
There are further concerns that as an unsecured creditor in a company, a pension
fund is becoming as important as buyers and sellers when thrashing out a deal.
Pension fund trustees are now also involved in negotiations, and businesses
have to gain their approval on deal structures.
This slows down the time it takes to close off a transaction and also reduces
flexibility as a third party has to be accommodated in negotiations.
Accounting software group Sage’s bid for vendor Visma has been frozen after
the Norwegian software company’s board decided £334m was not enough money.
Sage though has refused to offer more money for the company – its initial
offer tabled three weeks ago was made after securing a recommendation from Visma
that it was offering a fair price for its shares.
But the board of Visma has reportedly changed its mind after the company’s
revenues surged by 25% in the first quarter of the year, beating market
Marks & Spencer has lost its tax battle over an attempt to claim losses
incurred in its French subsidiary. As some predicted at the time of the ECJ
ruling in December, Galeries Lafayette, which bought M&S’s loss-making
French business, had used the losses.
The ECJ had ruled that companies could claim group relief for losses incurred
where there was no possibility of them being used elsewhere. Mr Justice Park,
who heard the case in the High Court, said the retailer is still pursuing a
claim for German and Belgian losses, which should be sent back to a specialist
tax tribunal to be considered.
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Baldwins Accountancy Group has continued investment in the north-east and appointed David Fish as a director in its corporate finance team
UK M&A activity bounced back strongly in July and August, according to analysis by the deals practice at PwC.
Smith & Williamson has added Jim Clark and Philip Marsden, of Marsden Clark Corporate Finance Limited, to its corporate finance team.