UK businesses owe £2.5bn in VAT to HMRC

by Calum Fuller

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02 Jul 2013

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HM Revenue and Customs

AROUND £2.5BN IN VAT is owed to the public purse by UK businesses struggling to meet their bills, according to independent finance provider Syscap.

Information provided to Syscap by HM Revenue & Customs shows the taxman managed to drive down overdue VAT from £2.7bn last year to this year's £2.5bn partly through increased use of business asset seizures - known as ‘distraint' - and external debt collection agencies.

HMRC almost doubled its use of distraint in the recovery of VAT over the year to March 2013, using the powers 4,746 times. It also more than doubled its spend on external debt collectors to almost £13m.

Frequently, late VAT payment is caused by companies having to pay before receiving payment for goods or services provided to clients. Many businesses, for example, are required to pay their VAT bills quarterly for the amounts charged on their invoices - rather than the amounts they have received - over that period.

Unincorporated businesses such as sole traders and large partnerships have to pay half of their estimated annual tax liability on their profits upfront in advance, based on their previous year's revenue.

Syscap chief executive Phillip White said: "Even very profitable companies can find their cash flows tightly squeezed if their invoices aren't paid promptly, but unfortunately for them their tax deadlines won't wait.

"If a business does fall into arrears because they can't pay, they're caught between a rock and a hard place because HMRC can impose fines and interest charges and is becoming increasingly draconian in seizing assets in order to recoup the outstanding balance. They even have the power to shut down the business altogether. HMRC used to be relatively forgiving - through its Time to Pay Scheme, but those days are gone."

HMRC comment to follow.

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